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January 25, 2018

Ephesus Turkey – The Ancient Baths

On Marble Street in Ephesus, a footprint was carved to show the way to the brothel. This footprint and the sign near the middle of the street towards the Great Theater, direct the way to the brothel. The brothle is at the end of the Marble Street on the left. It dates from the 4th century AD careful health control dominated the brothel, even more than in today's brothls. The men coming to the house, first washed and cleaned their hands and feet before entering a large salon through a hallway. This house, which had every kind of facility for cleanliness, was dedicated to Venus, therefore, statuettes of Venus (Aphrodite) used to stand in the salon, the inside of which was covered with marble.

At the upper part was the bath of skolasticia, which formed a salon and had central heating, is destroyed. There was a swimming pool, a hot bath (a fridge), a cold bath (frigidarium) and a dressing room (apodyterium). Although the first building of this bath, which had three floors, belonged to the 2nd century, a woman named Skolasticia adapted it into the present condition, making it available to hundreds of people in the 4th century. There were not only public rooms, but also private rooms. Those who wished could stay here for many days. The furnace and the large boiler of the heating system which provided heat and hot water for the salon, the rooms, and for a very large bath, were on the first floor. Only a massive arch of the third floor is left.

There is also the statue of Skolasticia, the statue of a woman who had the baths built in Ephesus in such a magnificent way that nobody could help admiring them. Just near this statue was the entrance gate with its five stairs to the road leading to the Great Theater.



Source by Sofia Petrakou

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